Romans - Life's Transformation Journey

Paul, in this letter lays the foundation of key theological concepts for the emerging global church.He answers questions such as why believe, predestination, suffering, discipline, grace, etc.



  • Summary
  • Slaves to sin
  • Saved by grace
  • Sacrifice for perfection
  • Share the Gift
  • Discussion
  • FAQ

Life’s Transformation Journey

I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship.

Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed  by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect. Romans 12:1,2

Event Timeline of the New Testament books

Summary of Romans

  • The apostle Paul wrote the letter roughly about 56-57 A.D.
  • The letter to the Romans answers questions such as salvation, predestination, God’s sovereignty, judgment, spiritual growth, righteousness of God, etc.
  • Paul highlights salvation only through faith in God’s righteousness: “I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes… ” (1:16).

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Following are key questions answered in Romans:

  • Why believe?
  • What happens to real nice guys who don’t?
  • What is grace?
  • If God has already predestined us, where does the individual’s role come in?
  • Why suffering?
  • How to discipline our flesh?
  • If Paul himself is struggling to control his flesh, what message does it give us?

Slaves to Sin

Paul stresses the universality of sin:

  • “None is righteous, no, not one”; Romans 3:10
  • For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. Romans 3:23

Slaves to Sin – Jews under the Law

  • All who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law Romans 5:12b

Slaves to Sin – Gentiles (non Jews) without the Law

Rom 5:12 For all who have sinned without the law will also perish without the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law. 13 For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be justified. 14 For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law.

Slaves to Sin – Gentiles without the Law

Rom 5:15 They show that the work of the law is written on their hearts, while conscience also bears witness, and their conflicting thoughts accuse or even excuse them 16 on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus.

Always a remnant

Both among Jews and Christians, there is always a remnant – a few who are faithful to God. No matter how alone we feel,  we should be encouraged to know that there are several like us across the world. Rom 11:4 But what is the divine response to him? “I have kept for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” 5 In the same way then, there has also come to be at the present time a remnant according to God’s gracious choice. 6 But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works, otherwise grace is no longer grace.


Romans 8:29 For those whom he foreknew  he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.

Saved by Grace Free Gift

Romans 5:17 For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.

Saved by Grace Faith

Rom 4:Now to the one who works, his wages are not counted as a gift but as his due. And to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness.

Rom 7:But now we are released from the law, having died to that which held us captive, so that we serve in the new way of the Spirit and not in the old way of the written code.

The power of grace is released through the pursuit of holiness in the presence of Christ

Sacrifice for Perfection Surrender

Rom 12:1

I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship. 


Sacrifice for Perfection Surrender

Romans 6:12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, to make you obey its passions. 13 Do not present your members to sin as instruments for unrighteousness, but present yourselves to God as those who have been brought from death to life, and your members to God as instruments for righteousness14 For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace.

Sacrifice for Perfection Renewal of Mind

Rom 12:Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect.

Sacrifice for Perfection Renewal of Mind

Romans 8:26In the same way the Spirit also helps our weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we should, but the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words; 27and He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He intercedes for the saints according to the will of God.

Sacrifice for Perfection Struggle against Sin

Romans 7:24 Wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death? 25 Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, I myself serve the law of God with my mind, but with my flesh I serve the law of sin.

Sacrifice for Perfection Suffering

Rom 5:3 …… we rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces enduranceand endurance produces character, and character produces hope5 and hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us.

Share the Gift

Romans 10:14 How then will they call on Him in whom they have not believed? How will they believe in Him whom they have not heard? And how will they hear without a preacher? 15 How will they preach unless they are sent? Just as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news of good things!”

Share the Gift Use your Gift

Romans 12:Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith; if service, in our serving; the one who teaches, in his teaching; the one who exhorts, in his exhortation; the one who contributes, in generosity; the one who leads, with zeal; the one who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness. ESV

Share the Love

Romans 12:Love must be sincere. Hate what is evil; cling to what is good. 10 Be devoted to one another in love. Honor one another above yourselves.

Do not judge

So let’s stop condemning each other. Decide instead to live in such a way that you will not cause an other believer to stumble and fall. Rom 14:13 NLT.

The difference between the best saint and worst sinner is largely at the faith level. At the sin level the difference is hairline in front of God’s righteousness.

Share the Gift Discern

Rom 16:17 I appeal to you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine that you have been taught; avoid them. 18 For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites, and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the naive19 For your obedience is known to all, so that I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise as to what is good and innocent as to what is evil

Recap – Life Transformation Journey

  • Summary
  • Slaves to sin

o   Jews under law

o   Gentiles not under law

o   The big picture

  • Saved by grace
    • Free gift
    • Faith


  • Sacrifice for perfection

o   Surrender

o   Renewal of mind

o   Struggle against sin

o   Suffering

  • Share the Gift

o   Share the Love

o   Use your gifts

o   Do not judge

o   Discern



  • How much have we REALLY changed after accepting Christ? Think of people close to us. Think of ourselves.(ie. how much are we less angry, impatient, selfish, etc.) Share/ reflect.
  • What steps can we take to bring about a bigger transformation in our lives?
  • When do we tend to lack discernment on false Christians and Christian leaders?
  • How can we discern without judging considering that only a “remnant” is true?


Life Transformation Journey – Discussion on FAQ

Have these questions been answered in the study of Romans? Discuss and clarify.

  • Why believe?
  • What happens to real nice guys who don’t?
  • What is grace?
  • If God has already chosen and predestined us, where does the individual’s role come in?
  • Why suffering?
  • How to discipline our flesh?
  • If Paul himself is struggling to control his flesh, what message does it give us?

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