30. Jeremiah, Jehovah throws

Jeremiah means “Jehovah throws”. His life spans Israel’s pre-exile and exile. While he declares God’s judgment he assures that it is only for purification and unveils the hope of the Messiah.

Presentation Overview

  • Outline and Summary
  • Jeremiah Purified
  • Jeremiah and the Potter
  • Jeremiah Prepared
  • Jeremiah Prophecies Persecution of Jews
  • Jeremiah Pulverises Popularity Prophets
  • Jeremiah Prays, Preaches and Laments
  • Jeremiah Prophecies Messiah, New Covenant

Preparation

  • Read Jeremiah, Lamentations
  • Study Jeremiah 31-33. Get learnings on the new covenant.
  • What does Jeremiah foretell on the future of Israel? Study Jeremiah 18:1-12

Objectives

Key Theme: Divine judgment is at hand

Key Purpose -To:

  • Demonstrate God’s judgment over Judah as it gets overthrown by its enemies
  • Highlight that this is only for purification purposes as God waits for His people to repent
  • Unveil the promise of the Messiah (Jesus) and new covenant as hope in darkness

 

Jeremiah’s Audience

Jeremiah proclaimed a message of:

  • Doom to the rebels before the Babylonian captivity (Jer. 1-39)
  • Hope to the remnant who were discouraged(Jer. 40-52) (Lamentations 3)

He completely identified with Israel’s sin (Lamentations)

Jeremiah was finally exiled in Egypt (Jeremiah 43:1-7)

Jeremiah Authorship

  • Jeremiah means “Jehovah throws”
  • Several ancient writers say that Jeremiah was stoned to death (by the Jews), in Tahpanhes, Egypt.
  • Jeremiah’s life spans pre-exile and exile reflected in his prophecies
  • Jeremiah prophesied approximately 46 years, 627-580 B.C. The book Jeremiah was also written during the time.
  • Lamentations was likely written between 586 and 575 B.C., during or soon after Jerusalem’s fal

 

Jeremiah, Lamentations Outline

  • Jeremiah dictated his words to his scribe, Baruch (Jeremiah 36:1-4,27-32; 51:64)
  • Not chronological, the books cover:
  • Call of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 1)
  • Prophecies of doom (Jeremiah 2-29)
  • Prophecies of hope (Jeremiah 30-33)
  • Siege and fall of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 34-39)
  • Jeremiah laments but hopes (Lamentations)
  • Post Jerusalem fall (Jeremiah 40-44)
  • Prophecies to foreign nations (Jeremiah 46-51)
  • Fall of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 52)

Jeremiah the Man

  • Jeremiah, facing intense persecution and rejection, wanted to resign, but he had a burning desire to proclaim God’s word ( Jeremiah 20:7-9)
  • The pagan king of Babylon took better care of him (Jeremiah 39:11,12)
  • He was not allowed to marry (Jeremiah16:1-4)

Timeline of the Prophets

See, I have this day set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant.

Jeremiah Commissioned

Jeremiah 1:9 Then the LORD reached out his hand and touched my mouth and said to me, “I have put my words in your mouth”.

Jeremiah and the Potter

Whenever a pot  turns out badly, the potter simply starts over.

Jeremiah 18:5 Then God’s Message came to me: “Can’t I do just as this potter does, people of Israel?” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qsDrZF2lY4w

The Potter and the Clay

Jeremiah 11:14 Do not pray for this people.., because I will not listen…

Jer 33:Call to me and I will answer you…’

  • I will slay in my anger and wrath.. because of all its wickedness.
  • “Nevertheless, I will bring health and healing to it
  • I will bring Judah and Israel back from captivity and will rebuild them.

Jeremiah Prepared

Jeremiah 12:5 “If you have raced with men on foot and they have worn you out, how can you compete with horses?

The Potters Field [1]

Jeremiah, Zechariah Matthew
1 In Jeremiah 19:1 Chief priests and elders purchase from the potter a pot – a symbol of God’s judgments against themselves In Matt 27:7, chief priests and elders purchase plot – a symbol of God’s judgment
2 In Jeremiah 19.10 the earthen container bought from the potter was cast down in front of his opponents again in his case as a symbol of judgment and as a portent of destruction of Jerusalem. Also refer Zechariah 11:12,13 In Matthew 26.15; 27:3, 5, Judas betrays Jesus for 30 pieces of silver and casts the 30 pieces of silver down to the elders in the temple
3 In Jeremiah 19:6 the valley where the casting down took place had its name changed to the Valley of Slaughter In Matt 27:8, the field bought by the chief priests was known as field of blood
4 And in Jeremiah 32:7-14 field’s title deeds were put in an earthen container similar to that bought from the potter in Jeremiah 19:1. This signified that after judgment had come, mercy would follow so that fields would have value again After Christ’s death and subsequent judgment to the Jews, mercy would follow and they will be the light of the nations once again.

Jeremiah laments (identifies with Israel's state)

  • Jeremiah prophesied approximately 46 years, 627-580 B.C. The book Jeremiah was also written during the time.
  • Lamentations was likely written between 586 and 575 B.C., during or soon after Jerusalem’s fall

Lamentations 1,4

Hope in Despair

Lamentations 3:22 The Lord’s loving kindnesses indeed never cease,

For His compassions never fail.

23 They are new every morning;

Great is Your faithfulness.

All Powerful God

Lamentations 3:37 Who is there who speaks and it comes to pass, unless the Lord has commanded it? 38 Is it not from the mouth of the Most High

That both good and ill go forth?

Lamentations 3 - Right Response

Jeremiah Pulverises Popularity Prophets

Jeremiah 23:16,17  “Don’t listen to the sermons of the prophets.
It’s all hot air. Lies, lies, and more lies.
They make it all up.
Not a word they speak comes from me.
They preach their ‘Everything Will Turn Out Fine’ sermon
to congregations with no taste for God,
Their ‘Nothing Bad Will Ever Happen to You’ sermon
to people who are set in their own ways.– The Message

Jeremiah’s Prophesies Jesus’ Rule

Jeremiah 33:15 “‘In those days and at that time I will make a righteous Branch sprout from David’s line;
he will do what is just and right in the land’

Jeremiah’s Prophesies New Covenant

Jeremiah 31:33 “The days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and with the people of Judah….  for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.”

Jeremiah Prophecies Persecution of Jews

Jeremiah 30:7

Alas! For that day is great,

So that none is like it;

And it is the time of Jacob’s trouble, But he shall be saved out of it.

Jeremiah Prophesies Nations Uniting to Worship Christ

Jeremiah 3:17 At that time they will call Jerusalem The Throne of the Lord, and all nations will gather in Jerusalem to honor the name of the Lord. No longer will they follow the stubbornness of their evil hearts.

Jeremiah Prophesies Good Shepherds

Jeremiah 23:3 “I myself will gather the remnant of my flock out of all the countries where I have driven them 4 I will place shepherds over them who will tend them, and they will no longer be afraid or terrified, nor will any be missing,” declares the Lord.

Jeremiah – Regathering of Israel

Jeremiah 23:7–8 “Therefore, behold, the days are coming,” says the Lord, “that they shall no longer say, ‘As the Lord lives who brought up the children of Israel from the land of Egypt,’ but, ‘As the Lord lives who brought up and led the descendants of the house of Israel from the north country and from all the countries where I had driven them.’ And they shall dwell in their own land.” 

Discussion

  • What are common features of Jeremiah’s time and today’s age
  • How can we respond to God’s commission in the current times to the saved? Unsaved?
  • What responses can we expect from the saved? Unsaved?
  • What motivates the prophets to lead a lonely life of constant rejection?

References: Babylonian Captivity

Date Deportation Captives Taken
605 (1st year)* First Nobles, Daniel (2 Kings 24:1; Dan. 1:1-2)
597 (7th year)* Second Jehoiachin, Ezekiel (2 Kings 24:12; Jer. 52:28; Ezk. 1:1-2)
586 (19th year)* Third Jerusalem(2 Kings25:8; Jer. 52:29)
582 (23rd  year)* Fourth (Minor) Small Group of 745 Jews (Jer. 52:30)

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